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Biodiversity

Table 1: The Number of Species from Natural Areas Inventory Databases of Hamilton Conservation Authority and Conservation Halton

Table 2: Species at Risk from Natural Areas Inventory Databases of Hamilton Conservation Authority and Conservation Halton

Table 3: Species at Risk within Royal Botanical Gardens' Nature Sanctuaries

Table 1: Total Number of Species from Natural Areas Inventory Databases of Hamilton Conservation Authority and Conservation Halton
Category Number
Plants 1,241
Amphibians and Reptiles 39
Dragonflies and Damselflies 55
Butterflies 68
Mammals 37
Birds 142
Total 1,582

Table 2: Species at Risk from Natural Areas Inventory Databases of Hamilton Conservation Authority and Conservation Halton
Common Name Scientific Name OMNR Status COSEWIC Status
Amphibians and Reptiles
Blanding’s Turtle Emydoidea blandingii THR THR
Common Musk Turtle Sternotherus odoratus THR THR
Eastern Box Turtle Terrapene carolina DD DD
Eastern Fox Snake Elaphe gloydi THR THR
Eastern Milk Snake Lampropeltis t. triangulum SC SC
Eastern Spiny Softshell Apalone spinifera spinifera THR THR
Jefferson Salamander Ambystoma jeffersonianum THR THR
Northern Map Turtle Graptemys geographica SC SC
Northern Ribbonsnake Thamnophis sauritus septentrionalis SC SC
Birds
Black Tern Chlidonias niger SC NAR
Cerulean Warbler Dendroica cerulea SC SC
Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera THR THR
Henslow’s Sparrow Ammodramus henslowii END END
Hooded Warbler Wilsonia citrina THR THR
Least Bittern Ixobrychus exilis THR THR
Loggerhead Shrike Lanius ludovicianus END END
Louisiana Waterthrush Seiurus motacilla SC SC
Prothonotary Warbler Protonotaria citrea END END
Red-headed Woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus SC SC
Yellow-breasted Chat Icteria virens SC SC
Insects
Monarch Danaus plexippus SC SC
Mammals
Woodland Vole Microtis pinetorum SC SC
Plants
American Chestnut Castanea dentata END END
American Columbo Frasera caroliniensis SC SC
Bashful Bulrush Trichophorum Planifolium END END
Broad Beach Fern Phegopteris hexagonoptera SC SC
Butternut Juglans cinerea END END
Red Mulberry Morus rubra END END
White Wood Aster Eurybia divaricata THR THR


DD=Data Deficient; NAR=Not at Risk; SC=Special Concern; THR=Threatened; END=Endangered

Table 3: Species at Risk within Royal Botanical Gardens’ Nature Sanctuaries
Common Name Scientific Name OMNR Status COSEWIC Status
Amphibians and Reptiles
Blanding’s Turtle Emydoidea blandingii THR THR
Eastern Milk Snake Lampropeltis t. triangulum SC SC
Eastern Ribbonsnake Thamnophis sauritus SC SC
Eastern Spiny Softshell Apalone spinifera spinifera THR THR
Jefferson Salamander Ambystoma jeffersonianum THR THR
Musk Turtle Sternotherus odoratus THR THR
Northern Map Turtle Graptemys geographica SC SC
Snapping Turtle Chelydra serpentina SC SC
Birds
Acadian Flycatcher Empidonax virescens END END
American White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos NAR END
Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus NAR END
Black Tern Chlidonias niger SC NAR
Canada Warbler Wilsonia canadensis THR  
Cerulean Warbler Dendroica cerulea SC SC
Chimney Swift Chaetura pelagica THR  
Common Nighthawk Chordelies minor THR  
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos NAR END
Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera THR THR
Henslow’s Sparrow Ammodramus henslowii END END
Hooded Warbler Wilsonia citrina THR THR
King Rail Rallus elegans END END
Kirkland Warbler Dendroica kirtlandii END END
Least Bittern Ixobrychus exilis THR THR
Loggerhead Shrike Lanius ludovicianus END END
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus SC  
Prothonotary Warbler Protonotaria citrea END END
Red-headed Woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus SC SC
Red-shouldered Hawk Buteo lineatus SC  
Rusty Blackbird Euphagus carolinus Pending Pending
Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus SC  
Yellow-breasted Chat Icteria virens SC SC
Fish
American Eel Anguilla rostrata SC END
Bigmouth Buffalo Ictiobus cyprinellus NAR SC
Grass Pickerel Esox americanus vermiculatus SC SC
Northern Brook Lamprey Ichthyomyzon fossor SC SC
Spotted Gar Lepisosteus oculatus THR THR
Insects
Monarch Danaus plexippus SC SC
Mammals
Eastern Mole Scalopus aquaticus NAR SC
Southern Flying Squirrel Glaucomys volans NAR SC
Woodland Vole Microtis pinetorum SC SC
Molluscs
Eastern pondmussel Ligumia nasuta END END
Plants
American Chestnut Castanea dentata END END
American Columbo Frasera caroliniensis SC SC
Blue Ash Fraxinus quadrangulata SC SC
Broad Beach Fern Phegopteris hexagonoptera SC SC
Butternut Juglans cinerea END END
Common Hoptree Ptelea trifoliata THR THR
Cucumber Tree Magnolia acuminata END END
Dense Blazingstar Liatris spicata THR THR
Eastern Flowering Dogwood Cornus florida END  
Few-flowered Club-rush Trichophorum planifolium END END
Kentucky Coffee-tree Gymnocladus dioica THR THR
Red Mulberry Morus rubra END END
White Wood Aster Eurybia divaricata THR THR
Wood Poppy Stylophorum diphyllum END END

From the Cootes to Escarpment Park System Conservation and Land Management Strategy(Phase II report), pp.12-14.

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